By 1950 Soup and his followers formed as the “Pathet Lao.” They were dedicated to fighting against French Imperialism. Nowadays 'Pathet Lao' is often invoked as a general term signifying Lao Nationalism. We Lao people are very special.” Officially, only persons aged 16 to 30 were required to attend Saturday's celebration, which marked the completion of the Pathet Lao's rise to power in Laos. The Pathet Lao (Lao: ປະເທດລາວ, "Lao Nation") was a communist political movement and organization in Laos, formed in the mid-20th century.The group was ultimately successful in assuming political power in 1975, after the Laotian Civil War.The Pathet Lao were … Concerning monetary reform, the Prime Minister said that a priori he would not refuse to devalue, but a sudden devaluation would cause a rise in the cost of living, create conditions exploitable by Pathet Lao propagandists, and jeopardize the conservative cause in the May elections. Prince Souphanouvong, who had spent seven years in Nha Trang[4] during his sixteen years in Vietnam,[5] met Ho Chi Minh, and acquired a Vietnamese wife while in Vietnam, solicited Viet Minh aid in founding a guerrilla force. Download books for free. The Vietnamese liberation movement made use of parts of Laos that came to be called the “Ho Chi Minh Trail,” assisted by the revolutionary Pathet Lao movement, while the CIA encouraged ethnic tensions within Laos and financed such groups as the “Secret Army” led by Vang Pao. In 1968, the Army of North Vietnam launched a multi-division invasion of Laos. A total of 13 clashes were recorded during that period. It was formed into an official party, the Lao Patriotic Front (Neo Lao Hak Sat), in 1956. Through the 1960s and 1970s the Pathet Lao battled the Royal Lao Government during the Laotian Civil War, gaining control of the north and east of Laos. In 1954, Khamtay was appointed chief of staff of the Lao People's Liberation Army (LPLA) and later became its commander in chief. The agreements provided for the regrouping of Pathet Lao guerrillas in the provinces of Houaphan and Phôngsali and their integration into the Royal Lao Army. Viet Minh and Pathet Lao forces invaded central Laos, resulting in civil war. One gets a hint of how difficult and frought those years were for so many. In August 1950, Souphanouvong joined the Viet Minh in their headquarters north of Hanoi, Vietnam, and become the head of the Pathet Lao, along with its political arm dubbed Neo Lao Hak Sat (Lao Patriotic Front). The country was occupied by two forces, both allied and axis powers while simultaneously fighting off Thai forces near the border, underwent internal struggles due to the conflicting ideals of members of the royal family, and the country was involved in one of the most … It aided the Viet Minh in 1953 and fought against government forces 1959–75. The Pathet Lao were pushed to the side in the conflict and reduced to the role of an auxiliary force to the North Vietnamese army. A coalition government was established in 1957 between the monarchists and communists, but it collapsed in 1959, bringing about a resumption of fighting. The communists began to make incursions into central Laos with the support of the Viet Minh, and a civil war erupted; the Pathet Lao quickly occupied substantial sections of the country. The Pathet Lao occupied large areas in the mountainous north and remained a significant political force. This important study illuminates the North Vietnamese-Pathet Lao partnership, an understanding of which is so critical to the search for peace in Indochina. Two of its most important founders were members of the Indochinese Communist Party, which advocated overthrow of the monarchy as well as expulsion of the French.[5]. Its original name has been forgotten but in 1950 it was renamed the Pathet Lao, when it was adopted by Lao forces under Prince Souphanouvong, who joined the Viet Minh's revolt against the colonial French authorities in Indochina during the First Indochina War. The second half of 1965 was marked by a further 25 violent incidents,and s… Vietnam afterward forced Laos to cut any remaining economic ties to its other neighbours. However, the 1960’s saw the country descend into civil war and subsequently, Laos became embroiled in the Vietnam War. Looking back, one could say that Laos was in an interesting place during World War II. The royalists and the Pathet Lao enjoyed equal representation in this new administration. He would be himself overthrown on 10 August 1960 by the young paratrooper captain who had backed him in the 1959 coup. 1975 - Pathet Lao - renamed the Lao People's Front - replaces the monarchy with a communist government. The Viet Minh/North Vietnamese, in spite of the agreement, never really withdrew from the border areas of Laos and the Pathet Lao continued to operate almost as a branch organization of the Viet Minh. Althougl1 the bulk Lao nationalist movement after World War Il, to the formaliza­ tion of the Pathet Lao movementwith close ties to the Viet Minh after 1950. Pathet Lao, left-oriented nationalist group in Laos that took control of the country in 1975. Althougl1 the bulk Pathet Lao, left-oriented nationalist group in Laos that took control of the country in 1975. Laos is a major arena of international confrontation despite the Geneva Accords of 1962. Its original name has been forgotten but in 1950 it was renamed the Pathet Lao, when it was adopted by Lao forces under Prince Souphanouvong, who joined the Viet Minh's revolt against the colonial French authorities in Indochina during the First Indochina War. The coalition government envisaged by the treaty did not long outlast it. Prince Souphanouvong, who had spent seven years in Nha Trang during … Shortly after the Paris Peace Accords ended US involvement in the Vietnam War, the Pathet Lao and the government of Laos signed a cease-fire agreement, the Vientiane Treaty, in February 1973.[7]. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, conflict between the loyalist and Pathet Lao was inevitable, and by 1962, the country underwent a civil war. Pathet Lao, left-oriented nationalist group in Laos that took control of the country in 1975. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. In between, there was a short period when the Japanese occupied Laos during WWII. The area was used as a transit route for men and supplies destined for the insurgency in South Vietnam. A French colony until the 1953, the power … One gets a hint of how difficult and frought those years were for so many.

Laos is a major arena of international confrontation despite the Geneva Accords of 1962. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Local communist party cells were organized and volunteers were sent to Laotian and Chinese training camps. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Finally, the small body of contemporary scholarly, governmental, and journalistic literature on Laos was, of course, consulted. Later, when the Pathet Lao fully was established, Soup announced it was his goal for Laos to become a Communist country. At the time, Soup along with others who formed the Pathet Lao, wanted to get rid of the monarchy. The Pathet Lao (Lao language: ປະເທດລາວ; English: Lao Nation)[1] was a communist nationalist group in Laos that was founded in 1950 and took control of the country in 1975. After 1975 Pathet Lao government of Laos has been accused of committing genocide against that country’s Hmong ethnic minority. Omissions? The agreements provided for the regrouping of Pathet Lao guerrillas in the provinces of Houaphan and Phôngsali and their integration into the Royal Lao Army. Founded in 1950, the Pathet Lao (Lao Country) movement joined with the Viet Minh, the Communist-oriented Vietnamese nationalist organization, in armed resistance to French rule in Indochina. With the fall of the South Vietnamese government in April 1975 in their minds, the non-communist elements of the national government decided that allowing the Pathet Lao to enter power would be better than to have them take it by force. One gets a hint of how difficult and frought those years were for so many. Articles containing non-English-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/446407/Pathet-Lao, Field Enterprises Educational Corporation, "WGIP: Side event on the Hmong Lao, at the United Nations", http://www.onwar.com/aced/data/lima/laos1962.htm, http://www.onwar.com/aced/data/lima/laos1954.htm, http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/world/A0859186.html, http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9058717/Pathet-Lao, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Pathet_Lao?oldid=2827948.