So "partakers of the Holy Ghost" ( Hebrews 6:4 ). A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … 4 For … Johnson, [1891], at sacred-texts.com. . Since all our good things lie in hopes, we ought so to hold fast our hopes as already to rejoice, as though our hopes were realized [CHRYSOSTOM]. partakers of Christ--(Compare Hebrews 3:1 Hebrews 3:6 ). It was desirable to avoid designating Him here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, though he is "the Angel of the Covenant." Chapter three begins with a reminder to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose. Verses 1-6: Jesus is both the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian faith. The word is always used in the plural, and we should note that we never hear of “Saint So-and-So.” 1 All God’s true people are called … Hebrews. heavenly calling--coming to us from heaven, and leading us to heaven whence it comes. Hebrews chapter 3. First, the man who would wish to continue as a Christian should boldly speak of his faith, glorying in it every day, and seizing every possible chance to extol his love and appreciation of God, the sweetness of service in Christ, and every other joy and benefit of salvation (Hebrews 3:6). 4. The sentence beginning with "wherefore," interrupted by the parenthesis confirming the argument from Psalms 95:7-11 , is completed at Hebrews 3:12 , "Take heed," &c. Holy Ghost saith--by the inspired Psalmist; so that the words of the latter are the words of God Himself. The Names of God . Christ, The Way to God. heb 3:0. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. To-day--at length; in David's day, as contrasted with the days of Moses in the wilderness, and the whole time since then, during which they had been rebellious against God's voice; as for instance, in the wilderness ( Hebrews 3:8 ). Compare Hebrews 3:10 , "They do always err in their heart." heart--The heart is not to be trusted. He built God’s house just as he was commanded to do. 9. partakers--"of the Holy Ghost." (D)2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve. A Christian so long as he is not made perfect, considers himself as a beginner [BENGEL]. my rest--Canaan, primarily, their rest after wandering in the wilderness: still, even when in it, they never fully enjoyed rest; whence it followed that the threat extended farther than the exclusion of the unbelieving from the literal land of rest, and that the rest promised to the believing in its full blessedness was, and is, yet future: Psalms 25:13 , Psalms 37:9 Psalms 37:11 Psalms 37:22 Psalms 37:29 , and Christ's own beatitude ( Matthew 5:5 ) all accord with this, Hebrews 3:9 . Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. The Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul's companion ( Luke 12:24 Luke 12:27 ). Parallel with this line of argument as to His superiority to angels ( Hebrews 1:4 ) runs that which here follows as to His superiority to Moses ( Hebrews 3:3 ): (1) because as Son over the house; He is above the servant in the house ( Hebrews 3:5 Hebrews 3:6 ), just as the angels were shown to be but ministering (serving) spirits ( Hebrews 1:14 ), whereas He is the Son ( Hebrews 3:7 Hebrews 3:8 ); (2) because the bringing of Israel into the promised rest, which was not finished by Moses, is accomplished by Him ( Hebrews 4:1-11 ), through His being not merely a leader and lawgiver as Moses, but also a propitiatory High Priest ( Hebrews 4:14 , 5:10 ). Seeing that we are the house of God if we hold fast our confidence . BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. Though the title "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate here in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of the delegates sent by the high priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews resident in foreign countries, even as Christ was Delegate of the Father to this world far off from Him ( Matthew 21:37 ). Christ enters His Father's house as the Master [OVER it], but Moses as a servant [IN it, Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:5 ] [CHRYSOSTOM]. Hebrews Chapter 3. Greek, "made"; so in Hebrews 5:5 , 1 Samuel 12:6 , Margin; Acts 2:36 ; so the Greek fathers. Take heed--to be joined with "wherefore," Hebrews 3:7 . It says that Moses was a follower of God. He alone holds both offices combined, and in a more eminent degree than either, which those two brothers held apart. An ambassador in the absence of the king is very distinguished--in the presence of the king he falls back into the multitude [BENGEL]. provocation . 1. Review: 1.1. . The Superiority of Christ. the apostle and high priest of our confession, 2 who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God's[ b] house. . Not merely some, but all the Israelites, for the solitary exceptions, Joshua and Caleb, are hardly to be taken into account in so general a statement. . (God do so to me and more also)," 2 Samuel 3:35 . It paints a wonderful … Hebrews Chapter 5 Warning Against Apostasy. 18. to them that believed not--rather as Greek, "to them that disobeyed." One old manuscript, with Vulgate and LUCIFER, reads, "which house"; but the weightiest manuscripts support English Version reading. … So Jesus, "the Apostle of our profession," is delegated to intercede for the Church before the Father. 13. one another--Greek, "yourselves"; let each exhort himself and his neighbor. Chapter 3. ( Exodus 17:1 Exodus 17:2 ). . 8. in any--"in any one of you." Hebrews 1 is about the supremacy of Christ Jesus. Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, … When man is spoken of as the agent in hardening, the phrase usually is, "harden his neck," or "back" ( Nehemiah 9:17 ). Hebrews 3:1-19 . Hebrews Chapter 3. Jesus became like a Jewish high priest who made a sacrifice for all the people. Therefore: From the previous chapter, we are left with the picture of Jesus as our heavenly High Priest. Wherefore--Greek, "Whence," that is, seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper you ought to "consider attentively," "contemplate"; fix your eyes and mind on Him with a view to profiting by the contemplation ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Now Christ is above the angels, according to the first and second chapters because (1) as Son of God He is higher; and (2) because manhood, though originally lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," inasmuch as He is at once Messenger of God to men, and also atoning Priest-Representative of men before God ( Hebrews 2:17 Hebrews 2:18 ). 16. Hence as what applies to Him, applies also to His people, the Twelve are designated His apostles, even as He is the Father's ( John 20:21 ). What God proclaims we confess. Hebrews 3:4. chiding," or "strife" ( Exodus 17:1-7 ). By. Priesthood of Melchisedec. Your email address will not be published. Commentary on Hebrews 3:14-19. 1. The "forty years" joined in the Hebrew and Septuagint, and below, Hebrews 3:17 , with "I was grieved," is here joined with "they saw." He’s the eternal Head over God’s house. your fathers--The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [BENGEL]. The opposite of "come unto" Him ( Hebrews 4:16 ). Paul compares Him as an Apostle to Moses; as High Priest to Aaron. 3 For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses—as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself. was--Greek, "has been." 4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous. 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. Hebrews 3:5-6. confidence . The Greek is the same, Mark 8:12 . the rejoicing--rather, "the matter of rejoicing." In this case, the sacrifice wasn't a ram or a goat—it was himself. 1 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. Moses, as a servant, is a portion of the house, and less than the house; Christ, as the Instrumental Creator of all things, must be God, and so greater than the house of which Moses was but a part. the beginning of our confidence--that is, the confidence (literally, substantial, solid confidence) of faith which we have begun ( Hebrews 6:11 , 12:2 ). departing--apostatizing. To-morrow is Satan's to-day; he cares not what good resolutions you form, if only you fix them for to-morrow. unto the end--unto the coming of Christ ( Hebrews 12:2 ). firm unto the end--omitted in LUCIFER and AMBROSE, and in one oldest manuscript, but supported by most oldest manuscripts. To apostatize from Christ is to apostatize from the living God ( Hebrews 2:3 ). the living God--real: the distinctive characteristic of the God of Israel, not like the lifeless gods of the heathen; therefore One whose threats are awful realities. Jim Bomkamp . Not as ALFORD, with AMBROSE and the Latins, "created Him," that is, as man, in His incarnation. But--Translate, "Moreover," as it is not in contrast to Hebrews 3:16 , but carrying out the same thought. I sware--BENGEL remarks the oath of God preceded the forty years. He first notes the feature of resemblance between Moses and Christ, in order to conciliate the Hebrew Christians whom He addressed, and who still entertained a very high opinion of Moses; he afterwards brings forward Christ's superiority to Moses. of So--literally, "as." In the book of Hebrews we have been seeing the author’s intent to encourage Jews who have come to Christ to continue to grow in their Christian faith, and not just be content … Someone must be the establisher of every house; Moses was not the establisher of the house, but a portion of it (but He who established all things, and therefore the spiritual house in question, is God). He Above Moses, as the Builder is Above the House. For some--rather interrogatively, "For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to 'if ye will hear,' Hebrews 3:15 ), did provoke (God)?" . 3:13; and it commands the entire Christian community, whether in the family, the … But he that built all things is God. ), was it not all that came out of Egypt?" I say,"from among the Jews," not that He is not our Priest, but that here the sacred writer places himself among the believing Jews, saying "our;" and, instead of speaking of himself as and apostle, he points out Jesus as the Apostle; which He was in Person among the Jews. 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. Proud member Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. ( Hebrews 3:6 ). by Moses--by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader. Harden not your hearts--This phrase here only is used of man's own act; usually of God's act ( Romans 9:18 ). saw my works forty years--They saw, without being led thereby to repentance, My works of power partly in affording miraculous help, partly in executing vengeance, forty years. 1 Let brotherly love continue. counted worthy of more glory--by God, when He exalted Him to His own right hand. Both are true; for, during the same forty years that they were tempting God by unbelief, notwithstanding their seeing God's miraculous works, God was being grieved. HEBREWS TOTAL CHAPTERS: 13 HEBREWS TOTAL VERSES: 303 TOTAL WORDS: 6,913 DATE WRITTEN: 64 – 68 AD AUTHOR: Uncertain/ May be Paul HEBREWS THEME: The Superiority of Christ. They would not enter His rest: 11 times in Hebrews chapters 3 and 4, Hebrews speaks of entering rest.